By Robert Albritton
A detailing of the consequences of Kozo Uno's political and fiscal concept. attempts to provide an explanation for the humanistic strength of Marxist conception.
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Extra resources for A Japanese Reconstruction of Marxist Theory
Marx even gives examples that would support this interpretation. But when we look at other parts of Capital or at the work as a whole we find no such parallel, and we discover that the sequence of categories is a sequence of dialectical logic. Capital is primarily a theory of fully developed capitalism and of the law of value and not of the economic life of peoples from primitive society to the present. Marx continually gives historical examples to illustrate the law of value, but sometimes the illustrations make it seem that there is no distance at all between the law of value and empirical reality but only minor frictions.
The elementary form of value is a unilateral expression of the value of cotton by the cotton owner in terms of iron. This subjective and isolated expression of value must express the homogeneity of commodities whereby they can be treated as qualitatively the same and differing only quantitatively and thus immediately equatable with each other. The expression' 10 ingots of iron' is already money in embryo. In the expanded form of value all commodity-owners express the values of their commodities in terms of the use-values of commodities they want.
It is therefore the value aspect of commodities that differentiates them from goods or products and that becomes the defining feature of capitalism, to the extent that Marx often writes of capital as 'the selfexpansion of value'. Indeed the dialectic of capital itself is the unfolding of this value aspect as it subsumes or prevails over successive use-value constraints. It is only with pure capitalism that all products necessarily become commodities. Marx's presentation of the form of value or exchange-value is confusing, because it suggests the possibility of an exchange between commodities without the mediation of money - in other words a barter.
A Japanese Reconstruction of Marxist Theory by Robert Albritton