Download e-book for iPad: A primer of invertebrate learning : the behavioral by Charles I. Abramson

By Charles I. Abramson

ISBN-10: 1557982287

ISBN-13: 9781557982285

This paintings presents a methodological advent to the learn of invertebrate studying. It goals to offer readers an knowing of the rules of sound experimental layout and of a few primary matters within the research of behaviour. It contains questions and lists of assets and fabrics.

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Additional info for A primer of invertebrate learning : the behavioral perspective

Sample text

There are two major classes of classical conditioning experiment. If, for example, a honeybee is trained to extend CONSTRUCllNG AN EXPERIMENT WITH lNVERTEBRATES 39 its proboscis to an odor that is followed by sugar water, w e have appetitive classical conditioning. If the odor is followed by a brief aversive event such as shock, we have aversive, or as it is sometimes called, defensive conditioning. Studies of classical conditioning show that it has several characteristics, including the following: 1.

This volume, which is the second book of their three-volume series on comparative psychology, contains a marvelous review of behavior modification in plants such as the sensitive plant Mi- 42 A PRIMER OF INVERTEBRATELEARNING mom and in invertebrates ranging from single-cell animals to worms to social insects. Diagrams are also presented that illustrate the invertebrate apparatus of the period, and there are photographs of the early pioneers of invertebrate learning. T h e definitive review of research conducted between 1940 and 1972 appears in Corning, Dyal, and Willows’ threevolume set (1973/1975).

Kravitz and A. Stretton introduced the use of Procion dye to stain individual living nerve cells of the lobster abdominal ganglion. The Procion method soon became the intracellular staining technique of choice for a wide variety of invertebrate and INTRODUCTION IS @a @a @a @a @a @a vertebrate nervous systems. A historical introduction to the Procion method is available in Stretton and Kravitz (1973). 1969. Franklin Krasne demonstrated habituation of the tail-flip escape response of crayfish. Access to the lateral giant fiber controlling the escape reflex has made the crayfish a popular animal for simple systems research.

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A primer of invertebrate learning : the behavioral perspective by Charles I. Abramson

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