By Paul Tennant
This e-book offers the 1st entire therapy of the land query in British Columbia and is the 1st to envision the trendy political background of British Columbia Indians. It covers the land query from its very beginnings and offers special recognition to the latest courtroom judgements, executive regulations, land declare advancements, and Indian protest blockades. Aboriginal claims stay a arguable yet little understood factor in modern Canada. British Columbia has been, and is still, the environment for the main severe and protracted calls for by means of local humans, and likewise for the most powerful and such a lot constant competition to local claims through governments and the non-aboriginal public. Land has been the fundamental query; the Indians have claimed carrying on with possession whereas the province has steadfastly denied the prospect. supplying a brand new interpretation of Governor James Douglas, Paul Tennant perspectives him as much less beneficiant to the Indians than have so much different historians and demonstrates how Douglas used to be principally accountable for the longer term process the land query. not like what many non-Indians are assuming, the Indians of British Columbia all started their land claims before everything of white payment and endured regardless of the large efforts of missionaries and executive officers to suppress Indian tradition, and regardless of Parliament's outlawing of claim-related actions. The Indians emerge during this ebook as political innovators who maintained their id and beliefs and who this present day have extra power and solidarity than ever ahead of. the writer has carried out vast interviews with many Indian leaders and has tested the internal workings of presidency corporations and Indian political organisations. whereas sympathetic to local claims, he focuses as a lot on disasters and deficiencies as on strengths and successes. "Paul Tennant is an affiliate Professor within the division of Political technological know-how on the college of British Columbia.". This booklet is meant for.
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Additional resources for Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989
34 The potential was quite simply that Indians, who in the i86os greatly outnumbered Whites, would occupy and own most of the suitable agricultural land in the two colonies. Indians would thus assume a major economic role. Indians could also have major political influence, for Douglas presumably intended that Indians would have the normal political rights, including the franchise. Widespread Indian pre-emption could occur only if many Indians were willing to give up traditional ways, to live in solitary families, to become farmers, and to forget aboriginal tide.
39 What, then, is to be concluded about Douglas's treatment of the Indian land question? In particular, why did he arrange no further treaties? In the colony of Vancouver Island both the British government and Douglas himself explicitly recognized aboriginal tide; Douglas did so in the fourteen treaties and in many later statements. "40 But there Douglas himself does not appear to have recognized aboriginal title even rhetorically, and he certainly took no action to extinguish it. Douglas seems not to have regarded his treaties as being of great consequence.
While thé outline of Douglas's actual policies on both thé Island and thé Mainland is well known, their rationale and détails hâve not been fully examined; nor has account been taken of thé incompatibility between those policies and récognition of aboriginal title. It is thèse factors, however, that point to a solution to thé Douglas puzzle. In Britain during thé 18508 there had been a décline of concern over thé treatment of aboriginal and other non-white peoples in thé colo- The Douglas "System" 27 nies.
Aboriginal Peoples and Politics: The Indian Land Question in British Columbia, 1849-1989 by Paul Tennant