By Alain Badiou
Publish yr note: First released in 1998
Une exigence fondamentale de l. a. pensée contemporaine est d'en finir avec los angeles « philosophie politique ».
Qu'est-ce que l. a. philosophie politique ? Son opération centrale est de ramener los angeles politique à l'exercice du « libre jugement » et de l. a. « dialogue », dans un espace public où ne comptent en définitive que les opinions.
On sait que, bien avant d'être arendtien, ou kantien, le thème de l'opposition irréductible de l. a. vérité et de l'opinion est platonicien. Ce qui, en revanche, n'est pas platonicien est l'idée que l. a. politique serait ainsi éternellement vouée à l'opinion, éternellement disjointe de toute vérité.
Sauf pour qui pense que le commentaire de bistrot, ou los angeles dialog entre amis, constitue « l'essence même de l. a. vie politique », il est en effet clair que le conflit des reviews n'est politique qu'autant qu'il se cristallise dans une décision. los angeles query d'une attainable vérité politique doit alors être examinée non du seul element de los angeles « dialogue », mais dans le processus complexe qui noue los angeles dialogue à l. a. décision.
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These can briefly be summarized as: developing new organizational forms for pressing capital’s demands on the state at all levels; redefining and articulating business interests to express the general goals of fused, flexible and mobile capital rather than the specific interests of sectoral or fixed capital; increasing the structural power of Stephen McBride 21 finance capital; implicating states in realizing business’ policy goals and ensuring a major flow of benefits to finance capital. The liberation of capital from states’ control coincided with the demise of the Keynesian era and the Bretton Woods system.
The recommendations were quickly seized upon by the Conservative government of Brian Mulroney. In Mexico, there is considerable evidence that the domestic transition to neoliberalism was led by a technocratic elite mostly consisting of US-trained economists, occupying state positions, supported by international interests and mobilizing support in the Mexican big business sector. Business representation was restructured in a similar fashion to that adopted in Canada and the United States. In 1975, the Consejo Coordinador Empresarial (CCE – Entrepreneurial Coordinating Council) Stephen McBride 23 was founded: ‘Its project, as was soon evident, was to parlay the private sector’s economic supremacy into supremacy within the state, purging the latter of populist or neoconservative officials in decision making circles and reinforcing the linkages with the conservative (mostly financial) bureaucracy’ (Valdes Ugalde 1996: 135).
Stephen McBride 19 In addition to a policy agenda favoring generous tax relief to capital, supply-siders are concerned with labor-market flexibility and ensuring that welfare benefits do not act as a disincentive to work. They believe that generous social benefits produce disincentives to work and that trade unions create monopolies of labor, forcing up the price of wages. Similarly, unions work to undermine the tendency of the price of labor to drop during periods of unemployment and recession.
Abrégé de métapolitique (L'ordre philosophique) by Alain Badiou