By Yvonne Nkrumah, Julia Mensah
This e-book in short describes the tactics and methodologies for construction and maintaining multistakeholder coalition to force reforms within the overall healthiness area. it really is in keeping with the studies of 3 East African countries—Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya. It outlines, by way of bankruptcy, each one country's event in opting for, mobilizing, and coalescing key stakeholders to handle governance bottlenecks in pharmaceutical procurement and provide chain administration. It highlights demanding situations, successes in addition to classes discovered to lead different nations.
Read or Download Accelerating Health Reforms through Collective Action. Experiences from East Africa PDF
Best health books
This booklet displays and contributes to an interdisciplinary public well-being process in the direction of early life violence prevention that includes a three-step technique: 1) establish and describe the matter; 2) improve and evaluation interventions to avoid the matter; and three) enforce these interventions in the neighborhood.
Quick advances remain made in all parts of immunology, no longer least the biology of the immunoglobulins. this information has led to a greater realizing of antibody responses and helped to explain pathogenic mechanisms in lots of illnesses, quite autoimmune and allergic ailments, in addition to extend our comprehension of antibody deficiency illnesses and mechanisms in healing immunization.
N an attempt to supply choices to trans and saturated fat, scientists were busy enhancing the actual houses of oils to resemble these of fat. during this model, many meals items requiring a particular texture and rheology could be made with those novel oil-based fabrics with no inflicting major alterations to ultimate product caliber.
Extra info for Accelerating Health Reforms through Collective Action. Experiences from East Africa
Prior to joining FIDA, she was deputy executive director of Transparency International’s Kenya chapter. Before that she served as executive director of the Gender Violence Recovery Centre at Nairobi Women’s Hospital. Abbreviations AFIC Africa Freedom of Information Center AIDS acquired immune deficiency syndrome COMESA Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa CoST Construction Sector Transparency Initiative CSO Civil Society Organization DANIDA Danish International Development Agency DFID Department for International Development (UK) EITI Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative ERP Enterprise Resource Program FBOs faith-based organizations FKPM Federation of Kenya Pharmaceutical Manufacturers FoTAPP Forum for Transparency and Accountability in Pharmaceutical Procurement GDP gross domestic product GOe Global Observatory for eHealth HAI Health Action International HAI-Africa Health Action International-Africa HEPS Coalition for Health Promotion and Social Development HIV human immunodeficiency virus HSSIP Health Sector Strategic Investment Plan HSSP Health Sector Strategic Plan HUMC Health Unit Management Committee ICT Information and Communications Technology JMS Joint Medical Store KAM Kenya Association of Manufacturers KAPI Kenya Association of Pharmaceutical Industry KEML Kenya Essential Medicines List KEMSA Kenya Medical Supplies Agency KEPSA Kenya Private Sector Alliance KHF Kenya Health Federation LGA Local Government Authority LMIS Logistics Management Information System MDG Millennium Development Goal MDTS Mobile-Phone Drug Tracking System M&E monitoring and evaluation MEDS Mission for Essential Drugs and Supplies MeTA Medicines Transparency Alliance MHSW Ministry of Health and Social Welfare, Tanzania MoH Ministry of Health MoU Memorandum of Understanding MSD Medical Stores Department MSG Multistakeholder Group MSG-Pharma Multistakeholder Group on Pharmaceutical Procurement MSH Management Sciences for Health NDA National Drug Authority NGO nongovernmental organization NMS National Medical Store NPSSP National Pharmaceutical Sector Strategic Plan NTA National Taxpayers Association PDA personal digital assistants PMU Procurement Management Unit PPB Pharmacy and Poisons Board PPDA Public Procurement and Disposal of Assets Authority PPDPA Public Procurement Disposal of Public Assets Authority PPOA Public Procurement Oversight Authority, Kenya PPPH Public Private Partnership for Health PPRA Public Procurement Regulatory Authority, Tanzania PSK Pharmaceutical Society of Kenya PSM pharmaceutical procurement and supply chain management PWG Pharmaceutical Working Group STG Standard Treatment Guidelines SWAP sector-wide approach TEITI Tanzania Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative TFDA Tanzania Food and Drugs Authority TI Kenya Transparency International, Kenya Chapter ToT training of trainers TRIPS Trade-Related Intellectual Property Services UHC universal health coverage UNHCO Uganda National Health Consumers’ Organization UNICEF United Nations Children’s Fund USAID United States Agency for International Development WBI World Bank Institute WHO World Health Organization YLL years of life lost CHAPTER 1 Background Yvonne Nkrumah and Julia Mensah The authors wish to acknowledge Richard Crabbe for the extensive research and background information that helped shape the initial draft.
According to the Health Sector Public Expenditure Review for 2011, complementary health financing continues to grow, and the main challenge facing health service funds is to use accumulated monies to improve health services, instead of holding large reserves (Pharmaceutical Services Unit 2012). 1 below illustrates the system. 1 The Medicines Supply System in Tanzania Source: World Bank. Note: Arrows indicate the alternative supply route that should be ideally used when stocks are not available at MSD.
These countries make excellent candidates for the program, as they have been pioneers in reforming PSM processes and have the capacity to build on these reforms through collaborative multistakeholder engagement to influence policy action. The initiative provides an innovative solution by bringing stakeholders together to prioritize collectively key areas where critical action is required but lacking, and supporting them to develop action plans for joint implementation. Working through a national convener, coalitions implement a set of activities linked to their strategic objectives and defined in their action plans, thereby ensuring incremental progress toward the attainment of their common goals.
Accelerating Health Reforms through Collective Action. Experiences from East Africa by Yvonne Nkrumah, Julia Mensah