By Maciej Widawski
During this pioneering exploration of African American slang - a hugely casual vocabulary and an important element of African American English - Maciej Widawski explores styles of shape, that means, topic and serve as, exhibiting it to be a rule-governed, cutting edge and culturally revealing vernacular. Widawski's finished description relies on a wide database of contextual citations from millions of up to date assets, together with literature and the click, track, movie and tv. it is also an alphabetical word list of 1,500 consultant slang expressions, outlined and illustrated through 4,500 utilization examples. as a result of its giant dimension, the thesaurus can stand on my own as a dictionary supplying readers with a competent reference of phrases. Combining scholarship with user-friendliness, this booklet is an insightful and sensible source for college kids and researchers in linguistics and normal readers drawn to exploring lexical version in modern English.
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Extra resources for African American Slang: A Linguistic Description
It usually designates a man who is older, experienced or rich. The association is often jocular and affectionate but may also be ironic and dismissive. This is yet another element often associated with African American usage. Here are some examples: Being a father and baby daddy [¼ teenage father who is not married to his child’s mother] are two different things (New York Amsterdam News, 2004) I’d rather be a mack daddy [¼ pimp] in the ghetto than a mogul in Hollywood (New York Times, 2001) He wants to be my sugar daddy [¼ male lover who supports a younger mistress] (Wild Side, ﬁlm, 1990) Clara Ross and her sweet daddy [¼ male lover, especially one who supports a younger mistress]!
The following presentation explores this theme in more detail. The noun–noun combination is by far the most common type of compound. As explained by Algeo (1991: 7), “this is probably because there are more new things to name than there are new actions or qualities. ” Moreover, the possibility of using one noun as an adjective to modify another noun reduces the necessity to use distinctive adjective forms. In African American slang the use of such compounds is common especially with objects or persons with speciﬁc characteristics.
Additionally, as Pearce (2007: 91) observed, they occur mainly in expressions where an obscenity (or euphemism for the obscenity) is inﬁxed into an adjective or an adverb. The only two inﬁxes found in our database are -motherfucking- and -izz- (the latter is discussed in the next section), but the expressions created with their help are numerous, possibly because of their rhyming and intensifying qualities. Adams (2009: 120–144), who examines slang inﬁxation in detail, links it also with poetic qualities.
African American Slang: A Linguistic Description by Maciej Widawski