By Margo Russell, Martin Russell
The preferred photograph of the Kalahari is a romantic one in all wasteland area and untouched Bushmen. the preferred snapshot of the Afrikaners is of a special and harsh racialism. but Afrikaners were dwelling within the Kalahari for greater than 100 years, their presence frequently studiously missed by way of writers; and because 1961 self sufficient Botswana with its coverage of scrupulous non-racialism has embraced either Afrikaner and Bushman in universal citizenship. This ebook makes an attempt to explain the complicated and mundane fact of ethnic kin within the Kalahari, not just within the current, harried through relentless strain to go into the money economic system of modernisation, yet long ago. utilizing oral historical past as a resource, the authors describe the 'Africanisation' of those terrible white pastoralists of the internal, bring to an end through the thirstland from these affects which gave modern Afrikanerdom its specific solid. They describe the pragmatic relatives constructed by means of Afrikaners with different peoples of the internal, and the way those were perceived and redefined with the decisive shift in political strength from British to Tswana palms.
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Extra info for Afrikaners of the Kalahari: White Minority in a Black State (African Studies (No. 24))
Members of the family retain the recollection that their ancestor came from 'Vahliss' (Wales) near England. The accumulation of relatively large herds did not bring about change in the life style of their owners, but was of importance to the rest of the community, since the tradition was to lend cattle out to the poorer members of the community, especially to bywoners. This practice not only created an opportunity for the poor to acquire wealth in a world of cattle, but, by mobilising a conscientious herding work force, was probably alone in making possible the establishment of relatively large herds in the vastness of unfenced Ghanzi veld.
26 Once in the eastern Protectorate they would sell them to fattening ranches at Lobatse, or put them through quarantine onto the Johannesburg market. A few local men took part in this trade, earning a commission of five shillings per head ('But from that you had to pay the volk [the Bushman drovers]'). For most the costs in terms of months away from family and cattle were too great, and most of the trade was handled by outside entrepreneurs who even if they owned land at Ghanzi were seldom to be found there.
In 1972 three farms thus acquired in 1965 for R13 987 were sold for R54 817. After improvements had been taken into account, the Ministry of Agriculture calculated that a profit of 160 per cent had been made. Furthermore the sales were to well-established white cattle speculators in the east, against whose high offer the 'smaller farmers' and 'local citizens from outside Ghanzi' could not compete. 34 Symbolising the change that is taking place is the enlarged list of Ghanzi farm names. Often devised at short notice under administrative pressure, they have a fairy-tale fantasy quality about them: Bunnyville, Snow White, Black Cat, Fairy Glen, Tally Ho!
Afrikaners of the Kalahari: White Minority in a Black State (African Studies (No. 24)) by Margo Russell, Martin Russell