Bioenergy Project Development and Biomass Supply - Good - download pdf or read online

By Ralph E H Sims

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Extra info for Bioenergy Project Development and Biomass Supply - Good Practice Guidelines (2007)

Sample text

For large projects obtaining expert legal advice on these matters is often unavoidable. For small projects there may still be considerable costs involved for the developer, even with minimal professional input. Close liaison with the consenting authority well in advance should make the process more tenable in all situations. Formal permission to construct a plant is usually required from local planning and other authorities who will consider the potential problems from discharging emissions to air, discharging efßuent to waterways; the taking of water for cooling purposes; road access etc.

Consultation with nearby residents will be needed on the balance between mitigating for the contents of the plume versus the height of chimney and its visual impact. A resource consent often involves regular monitoring of emissions (either automatically or manually) to ensure that any conditions imposed on a bioenergy plant are being met. The records are often put into the public domain. The cost for this monitoring service is normally borne by the plant operator and a plant can be shut down if emissions levels are exceeded.

2 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 75 70 Brent crude (USD/bbl) Present cost ranges Bioethanol Biodiesel Cost estimates by 2030 ES: EC: EB: EW: ELC: Sugarcane Corn Beet Wheat Ligno-cellulose BA: Animal fats BV: Vegetable oils FT: Fischer Tropsch synthesis liquids Daily wholesale gasoline and diesel prices (USD/l free on board) in 12 locations versus the crude oil price compared with the production cost ranges for biofuels without any government support schemes, both now and as anticipated by 2030. Ethanol from sugar cane can compete when the crude oil price is around USD 40-50 /bbl and biodiesel from animal fats around USD 60-70 /bbl without any government support measures.

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Bioenergy Project Development and Biomass Supply - Good Practice Guidelines (2007) by Ralph E H Sims

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