By A. Booth
Indonesia is now the fourth biggest kingdom on the earth, yet many points of its monetary background stay poorly understood. This e-book is the 1st entire survey of Indonesian financial heritage within the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, interpreting either the Dutch colonial period, and the post-independence interval. vast use is made from contemporary paintings by means of Dutch, Indonesian and Australian students to enhance a couple of key issues in terms of fiscal progress and structural transformation of the Indonesian economic system from the early nineteenth century to the current.
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Extra resources for The Indonesian Economy in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. A History of Missed Opportunities
Third, and probably most important of all, the CS was so successful in alleviating the extremely serious budgetary problems of the Netherlands that its critics were rapidly silenced. ) has discussed these fiscal problems in some detail and points out that it was only after 1835 that the situation was relieved as the fruits of the Culture System, particularly the revenue from the sale of colonial produce . . flowed into government coffers which enabled it to reduce taxation slightly and balance its books at the same time .
Coffee exports from Padang, which had increased almost ten-fold between 1819 and 1831 to over 40,000 pikul, and more than doubled again to over 100,000 pikul by 1843, crashed to just over 56,000 pikul by 1848 (Dobbin 1983: 248). The modified system of forced deliveries which was implemented after 1847 did lead to a rapid expansion in exports, which reached 191,000 pikul in 1857. But in spite of the considerable government coercion, coffee production and exports fell more or less continually thereafter, and after 1885 exports never exceed 100,000 pikuls.
But the changes of the 1870s were essentially changes in means, while the overall end of colonial policy remained the same. According to Furnivall (1944: 174 ±5): The Liberals, no less than van den Bosch, regarded the colony as a , a business concern, and in this matter they differed from him merely in admitting more shareholders; their new contribution to economic policy, however, was their contention that no plan was necessary, that, if all restrictions on enterprise and commerce were removed, the development of Java and the promotion of Dutch interests might be left to the play of market forces.
The Indonesian Economy in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. A History of Missed Opportunities by A. Booth